Mathematics for Humanity Learning Seminar
A short series of online presentations introducing early career mathematical scientists to some of the ways in which mathematics can contribute to humanity. For details on the supporting programme, see the description on the ICMS website. A somewhat sensationalistic overview appeared in this interview for Quanta magazine.
Organisers: Tara Abrishami and Minhyong Kim
15 November 2023, 17:00 UK time
Speaker: Doyne Farmer
Title: Complexity economics: An unexplored mathematical wilderness
Abstract: The standard approach to economics is to derive and solve the first-order conditions that maximize the utility of individual agents. Complexity economics takes a different approach by modeling behavior directly and making extensive use of simulation. This has the big advantages of verisimilitude and tractability: Verisimilitude means modeling the economy 'as-is' rather than 'as-if'; tractability means that it becomes feasible to create and solve models with millions of heterogeneous agents and incorporate structural features of the economy much more realistically. This means that we can potentially create much better models for problems like inequality and the economics of the climate transition. While complexity economics emphasizes simulation, there is also a real need for mathematical models to explain what is going on in simulations to give deeper insight. Such mathematics is different from that of mainstream economics, drawing on insights, for example, from dynamical systems, statistical mechanics, ecology and evolutionary biology. But beware: Because it abandons assumptions that have been almost universally used for more than a century, complexity economics is a revolution -- one that has so far been strongly opposed by the mainstream.
14 December 2023, 17:00 UK time
Speaker: Diletta Martinelli
18 January 2024, 17:00 UK time
Speaker: Minhyong Kim
Title: Who Owns Mathematics: A Question of Identity
Abstract: At a recent conference on the global history of mathematics, a question was raised about the recurrence of Euclid in a number of the talks and the 'Western' bias that seemed to appear in a meeting that was concerned with global history. In this talk, I will discuss the misconceptions around the identities of historical figures like Euclid, the deep-rooted confusion surrounding ancient identities in general, and why it might be important for mathematicians of our times to be aware of them.
Extended reply on 'Greekness' of Alexandrian mathematicians: zerva.pdf